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BATTLES OF THE WARS OF THE ROSES

1455 : May 22nd : Battle of St.Albans

1459 : September 23rd : Battle of Blore Heath

1459 : October 12/13th : Rout of Ludford Bridge

1460 : July 10th : Battle of Northampton

1460 : December 30th : Battle of Wakefield

1461 : February 2nd : Battle of Mortimer’s Cross

1461 : 17th February : Second Battle of St. Albans

1461 : 29th March : Battle of Towton

1464 : 25th April : Battle of Hedgeley Moor

1464 : 15th May : Battle of Hexham

1469 : 26th July : Battle of Edgecote

1470 : March 12th : Battle of Losecoat Field

1471 : April 14th : Battle of Barnet

1471 : May 4th : Battle of Tewkesbury

1485 : 22nd August : Battle of Bosworth

1487 : 16th June : Battle of Stoke.

This is a list of the battles usually considered to be battles of the Wars of the Roses, with the first Battle of St. Albans being the first battle of all. However some scholars deem the Battle of Shrewsbury fought on July 21st 1403 to be the very first one, because it was a rebellion against the King Henry IV, by the forces of Henry Percy Earl of Northumberland, also known as ‘Harry Hotspur’.

Bosworth Collage

Battle of Bosworth Reenactment, 2013. Picture Credit: Group Member Don Hodgkins

 

WHO'S WHO IN THE WAR OF THE ROSES

The term 'The Wars of the Roses' is of seventeenth century origin. In the fifteenth century it was known as 'The Cousins' War' - the fight between the members of the House of York and the House of Lancaster. 

THE HOUSE OF YORK

Richard, Duke of York. (1411 - 1460)

Cecily Neville ( !415 - 1495)

Edward IV ( 1442 - 1483)

Queen Elizabeth Woodville (1437 - 1492)

George, Duke of Clarence ( 1449 - 1478)

Richard III ( 1452 - 1485)

Queen Anne Neville ( !456 - 1485)

Richard Neville ( Earl of Salisbury) ( 1400 - 1460)

Richard Neville Earl of Warwick ( Kingmaker)(1428 - 1471)

John Neville Marquis Montague (1430 - 1471)

The Woodvilles

The Bourchiers

The Mowbrays

The Howards

The De La Poles, Dukes of Suffolk

William Lord Hastings

 

THE HOUSE OF LANCASTER

Henry VI ( 1421 - 1471)

Dowager Queen Catherine De Valois ( 1405 - 1437)

Queen Margaret of Anjou( 1429 - 1482)

Edward, Prince of Wales ( 1453 - 1471)

Jasper, Earl of Pembroke ( 1431 - 1495)

Henry VII (1457 - 1509)

The Beauforts

Lady Margaret Beaufort(1443 - 1509)

Henry Stafford, Second Duke of Buckingham(1457 - 1483)

THE Hollands

The Percys

The Stanleys

Archbishop, John Morton ( 1420 - 1500)

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